Restaureringskunst og transformation

En bæredygtig udvikling af vores byer og bygninger går hånd i hånd med en viden om vores bygningsarv, og der er derfor brug for en indsats, der udvikler og styrker de arkitektfaglige kompetencer på tværs af traditionelle skel mellem de forskellige fagområder. Det er baggrunden for en international forelæsningsrække under overskriften ”Restaureringskunst og transformation”.

Erik Møller Arkitekter, Arkitektforeningen, Kulturstyrelsen, Dansk Bygningsarv og Realdania inviterede i foråret 2012 alle interesserede til en række af internationale forelæsninger om restaurering og transformation.

FRANCIS RAMBERT

Rambert forelæste torsdag den 26. april 2012 i Bygningskulturens Hus I København.

Francis Rambert er arkitekturkritiker og direktør for Institut francais d'architecture. Rambert har en alsidig baggrund som både kurator og skribent. Han har været initiativtager til og redaktør for flere arkitekturmagasiner og var i mange år arkitekturanmelder og kronikør for avisen Le Figaro. Som kurator står han bag talrige arkitekturudstillinger, bl.a. kuraterede han den franske pavillon på Mostra di Architettura di Venezia (Biennale di Venezia) i 2008.

Francis Ramberts forelæsning Metropolitan actions – the importance of being specific in the transformation of territories, satte fokus på transformation af byområder. Rambert tog udgangspunkt i erfaringerne fra "Grand Paris"-projektet, der blev initieret af Frankrigs præsident Nicolas Sarkozy i 2007, og som skulle gøre Paris til det 21. århundredes bæredygtige metropol. I kølvandet på Grand Paris er flere vigtige spørgsmål blevet rejst i forsøget på at definere, hvad der kunne være en "Post-Kyoto metropol",  og med udgangspunkt i disse spørgsmål gav Rambert en analyse af de forskellige tilgange og tendenser, der kendetegner  den arkitektoniske debat i Frankrig i disse år. Et af de store spørgsmål i den sammenhæng er transformationen af bygninger som et alternativ til destruktion. Rambert ser transformationen af bygninger som en måde at håndtere den bæredygtige dagsorden på samtidig med, at det giver mulighed for at bygge "byen oven på byen" som et alternativ til byspredning. I denne sammenhæng åbner spørgsmålet om bygningsarv - særligt hvad angår 1960'ernes-1970'ernes bygninger - nye muligheder for at eksperimentere i de rumlige og sociale områder.

 

Projektfakta

  • Restaureringsprincipper i Frankrig

    Årets første forelæsning blev afholdt onsdag d. 22. februar kl. 16-18 af arkitekt Frédéric Didier fra Château de Versailles i Frankrig.

    Forelæsningen blev faciliteret i samarbejde med Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademis Skoler for Arkitektur, Design og Konservering.

    Abstract

    From Versailles to Cluny: interventions illustrating restoration in France

     In the second half of the 20th century, the theory of heritage restoration has been an open debate, first at a European level, then worldwide. On the ground, however, practice has generally remained National, due to the organisation of operational services, which are often marked by older traditions.  In France the Historic Monuments Service was set up 1830 to save a rich heritage menaced in the great upheavals of this period. The types of intervention in France are numerous and the approaches vary, from conservation and reconversion to restitution and contemporary insertion.  Across the examples taken from his personal experience, in Versailles and Burgundy, Frédéric Didier will try to outline the different approaches to restoration in France.

    About Frédéric Didier: Résumé

    State-appointed architect for historic monuments, Frédéric Didier is one of the 4 cofounders of the practice 2BDM.  He has a perfect understanding of Burgundy's heritage holding the State appointment for the départments of Cote d'Or, between 1987 and 1992, and of the Saône-et-Loire from 1990.  He has lead over 200 restoration projects in this region.

    Since 1990, he has had the appointment for one of the wonders of France's Heritage, the Palace of Versailles.  He was also put in charge of the city of Versailles in 2000.  Frédéric Didier is as such a recognised specialist in all aspects of Versailles' Heritage.  Large-scale restoration projects have been realised under his care at the Palace, greatly renewing the image of this prestigious heritage.

    Lecturer at the Centre des Hautes Etudes de Chaillot, specialist in plasters and decoration, he has taught these subjects to France's Heritage Architects for over 15 years.

    Download materiale om Frédéric Didier og 2BDM

     

     

  • Francis Rambert

    Director of the Institut français d'architecture (since 2003, Cité de l'architecture & du Patrimoine, Paris), Francis Rambert is an architecture critic and used to work as a journalist from 1990 to 2004 for the French daily paper Le Figaro, writing chronicles about architecture.

    He was the curator of the French Pavilion at the Mostra di Architettura di Venezia (Biennale di Venezia) in 2008;  and curator of many exhibitions during architecture biennale in Buenos Aires 1998 and 2001, Rotterdam 2003, and Venice 2008.

    Francis Rambert was also co-editor of Roberto Burle Marx – The Modernity of Landscape (2011, Actar/Cité de l'architecture & du patrimoine, France) ; curator of the exhibitions Claude Parent (2010, at Cité de l'architecture & du Patrimoine, Paris) and Archi & BD - La Ville Dessinée (2010, at Cité de l'architecture & du Patrimoine, Paris).

    In 1989, he co-founded the magazine “d’architectures” of which he was editor in chief until 2002. He signed numerous articles on architecture and design in the Art press, of which “Beaux-Arts”, “le journal des Arts”, and mainly “Connaissance des arts”.

    He is the author of several architecture books among which a Massimiliano Fuksas’ monography (Editions du Regard, 1997), and Architecture Tomorrow (éditions Terrail, 2005).

    In 2005, he has been distinguished as Officer in the Arts et Lettres order. In 2010, he was awarded the Legion d’honneur in recognition of his work for the development and promotion of architecture in France and abroad. 

    Abstract

    METROPOLITAN ACTIONS

    The importance of being specific in the transformation of territories

    In the wake of the “Grand Paris” experience, that has raised crucial questions in attempt of defining what could be the “Post-Kyoto metropolis”, it is interesting to analyse the different approaches and tendencies that foster the architectural debate in France. One of the major issues is the transformation of buildings as an alternative to destruction. It is a way of coping with the sustainable agenda as well as building “the city upon the city”. These two key elements are also an alternative to the urban sprawl. In this frame, the question of built heritage – and especially the 1960’s-1970’s buildings – open new opportunities of experimenting in the spatial and social fields. The transformation of the Bois-Le-Prêtre housing  tower in Paris, by Lacaton & Vassal and Frédéric Druot appears as an icon of this radical shift of (re)thinking modernity. Besides, at a larger scale, french architects (Nouvel, Portzamparc, Perrault, Ricciotti, Barani...) are working on new architectures that create their own landscape, in the pursuit of transforming urban territories that have been often left over. How to create specific places but places for “living together”, that’s the aim.

    Læs mere om Grand Paris projektet her: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Paris 

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